Month: June 2021

Creating a BOND that Lasts a LIFETIME

The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) defines the human-animal bond as “…a mutually beneficial and dynamic relationship between people and animals that is influenced by behaviors considered essential to the health and well-being of both. The bond includes, but is not limited to, the emotional, psychological, and physical interactions of people, animals, and the environment.”


Protrusion of the gland of the third eyelid (or “cherry eye”) occurs most commonly in dogs and occasionally in cats. The appearance is characteristic, with the gland of the third eyelid protruding as a reddish follicular mass from behind a usually “floppy” margin of the third eyelid (Figure 1). The gland should be surgically replaced to retain essential lacrimal function and to prevent the exposed gland and overlying conjunctiva from becoming dry, inflamed, secondarily infected, and cosmetically unappealing. Prolapsed glands of the 3rd eyelid should never be removed because the gland of the third eyelid is a significant contributor to precorneal tear film production. Studies confirm clinical experience that keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) is commonly seen, often years later, in animals, especially those of susceptible breeds in which the 3rd eyelid or its gland was removed. Also, complications have been reported in prolapsed glands left in the prolapsed position.